The Wallbank DNA Project welcomes all Wallbank and name variant participants.
The project was started in 2007 and now has 29 members, representing four distinct groups. There are at least three separate Wilbanks lines in the USA, and at least two separate Wallbank lines in England. Furthermore, one of the USA Wilbanks lines is related to one of the England Wallbank lines. However, because of the limited data, only tentative conclusions can be drawn. More participants, representing any line, would greatly help in confirming the current hypotheses and throw more light on the origin of the Wallbank name. If you are a Wallbank or name variant, please consider joining the project to help you and us find out more about our common past.
The DNA test reveals two fascinating pieces of information. Firstly, your haplotype (Y chromosome DNA signature) tells you about you more recent past: the last 800 or so years since names started to be adopted (in England). By comparing the haplotype to others with a similar name, it is possible to estimate how closely you are related, that is the approximate date of your common ancestor.
Secondly, it reveals your calculated halplogroup. This tells you more about your ancient origins (before the adoption of surnames) and can to a certain extent be deduced from the haplotype. Your haplogroup tells you to which branch of the human tree you belong. A common analogy is to compare the haplogroup to the branch of a tree. The leaves on the branch are your haplotype. The branch is therefore our family group in the whole human family. The Wallbanks (and one line of the USA Wilbanks) have been shown to belong the Haplogroup I1, a group that probably started from one man about 5000 years ago. In turn, he descend from Haplogroup I, which came into existence about 25,000 years ago from Haplogroup F, and in turn F came from C, then C from Haplogroup A about 70,000 years ago. The change from one to to another is characterized by a mutation in a specific part of the DNA. This is what is measured in Deep Ancestry Testing. For members of Haplogroup I1, Deep Ancestry Testing is not necessary as a specific marker in the ordinary Y-chromosome test is a strong indication of the I1 haplogroup.
Therefore, in summary,participating is an opportunity to uncover information not provided in the paper records, which will help with your family history research. We will also discover which family trees are related. As the project progresses, the results for the various family trees will provide information on the evolution of the surname.
As the Y DNA test tells you about your direct male line, which would be your father, his father, and so on back in time, you must be male to take this test, and you should have one of the surnames shown. If you believe there is a Wallbank or variant in your direct male line, although you have a different surname, you are also welcome to participate. If you are female, please find a male to participate.
We encourage males who order a Y DNA test to order at least the 37 marker test, if possible. If you order less markers, you can upgrade later, though this costs a little more.
Both males and females may also be interested in learning about their direct female line, which would be their mother, their mother's mother, and so on back in time. You would order a mtDNA test.
Surnames in Project
Walbancke, Walbank, Walbanks, Wallbank, Wallbanks, Welbank, Wilbank, Wilbanks
A Surname Project traces members of a family that share a common surname. Since surnames are passed down from father to son like the Y-chromosome, this test is for males taking a Y-DNA test. Females do not carry their father’s Y-DNA and acquire a new surname by way of marriage, so the tested individual must be a male that wants to check his direct paternal line (father’s father’s father’s…) with a Y-DNA12, Y-DNA37, or Y-DNA67 marker test. Females who would like to check their direct paternal line can have a male relative with this surname order a Y-DNA test. Females can also order an mtDNA test for themselves such as the mtDNA or the mtDNAPlus test and participate in an mtDNA project. What do you get when you are tested at FamilytreeDNA ?
The results of my DNA test show that I have a high probability of sharing a common ancestor with three Wilbanks in the USA.
Also the early results show that there are at least two unrelated Wilbank lines in the USA, one most probably of English origin.
However it is unlikely that a Walbank branch in Yorkshire is related to my Staffordshire line. This may indicate that there are at least two origins of the name.
The results below are taken from Wallbank project page at FTDNA .
At 22 Feb 2018 there are 29 members of the project.(28 have been tested at Familytree DNA; one at another testing- house) 28 members have their results posted on the Wallbank Project Page of Familiytree DNA.
The Wallbank Project at Familytreedna
* Discover information to help with our family history research
* Discover which family trees are related
* Discover information to help with brick walls
* Confirm surname variants
* Validate family history research
* Discover information about our distant origins
Note about Haplogroups I1, I2b1 and R1b1 b2 .
R1b1b2 is believed to have originated about 4000 years ago, and is most commonly found today in north-western Europe, where it has the following concentrations:
England, 21.4%;Denmark, 17.7%; Netherlands, 37.2%; Germany 20.5%, Switzxerland, 13.3% ;and Austria, 22.7%. It then dimishes further to the Mediterranean and east.
Haplogroup I2b1 probably originated in the north German plain about 9000 years ago. Today it is found at moderate frequency in the populations of north-west Europe, with a peak frequency in Lower Saxony in north-west Germany.
Haplogroup I1 mutated and branched from Haplogroup I about 15000 years ago after the retreat ice of the last ice age .During the ice age (Last Glacial Maximum), the ancestors of I1 probably took refuge in Iberia, moving north as the ice retreated. Although the haplogroup dates to 15 000- 20 000 years ago, it is thought that the most recent ancestor of members of this haplogroup was living in the region of Denmark about 5 000 years ago. Therefore, all members of this haplogroup probably descend from this one man. His descendants went on to form significant concentrations in Scandinavia and northern Germany (40% in western Finland, 35% in southern Norway and Sweden, then tailing off into northern Europe (Denmark and Germany where the Angles, Saxons and Jutes lived, and from where they invaded England in the 6th century onwards.
About 10% of British people belong to Haplogroup I1, and are believed to be descended from Anglo-Saxon and Viking invaders. Furthermore, it is believed that two Y-chromosome markers can differentiate between the Anglo-Saxon and Viking tribes. This difference is shown by the Yorkshire Wallbanks, who are of Viking origin, and the Staffordshire Wallbank/Wilbanks, who are of Saxon origin. This is further evidence of the high probability of at least two origins of the Wallbank name. (One in East Lancashire/Yorkshire, and one in the East Midlands of England).
The Il haplogroup can be predicted to a high level of certainty from the number of repeats at the Short Tandem Repeat (STR) DYS455. If the number of alle repeats is eight, haplogroup I1 can be predicted correctly with a very high rate of accuracy, 99.3 to 99.8 percent, according to Whit Athey and Vince Vizachero. This is almost exclusive to and ubiquitous in the I1 haplogroup, with very few having seven, nine, or another number. Furthermore, DYS462 divides I1 geographically. Ken Nordtvedt considers 12 allele repeats to be more likely Anglo-Saxon and on the southern fringes of the I1 map, while 13 signifies more northerly, Nordic origins. Nordtvedt has repeatedly argued that, at least for I1, Haplogroup testing is generally not as beneficial as expanded STR results. (i.e. 67 rather than 37).(Source: Wikipedia, Haplogroup I1 (Y-DNA))
Order a test kit here
Find out more at FamilytreeDNA
Go to the Wallbank Project Page at FamilytreeDNA
For latest findings, go here (pdf file)